Shikoku

88-Temple Pilgrimage

(四国遍路)

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japan001Temple in Kyoto. March, 1990.

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Day

No.

Temple

0

1

Ryōzenji (霊山寺)

1

2

Gokurakuji (極楽寺)

2

3

Konsenji (金泉寺)

3

4

Dainichiji (大日寺)

4

5

Jizōji (地蔵寺)

5

6

Anrakuji (安楽寺)

6

7

Jūrakuji (十楽寺)

7

8

Kumataniji (熊谷寺)

8

9

Hōrinji (法輪寺)

9

10

Kirihataji (切幡寺)

10

11

Fujiidera (藤井寺)

11

12

Shōzanji (焼山寺)

12

13

Dainichiji (大日寺)

13

14

Jōrakuji (常楽寺)

14

15

Kokubunji (国分寺)

15

16

Kan'onji (観音寺)

16

17

Idoji (井戸寺)

17

18

Onzanji (恩山寺)

18

19

Tatsueji (立江寺)

19

20

Kakurinji (鶴林寺)

20

21

Tairyūji (太竜寺)

21

22

Byōdōji (平等寺)

22

23

Yakuōji (薬王寺)

23

24

Hotsumisakiji (最御崎寺)

24

25

Shinshōji (津照寺)

25

26

Kongōchōji (金剛頂寺)

26

27

Kōnomineji (神峰寺)

27

28

Dainichiji (大日寺)

28

29

Kokubunji (国分寺)

29

30

Zenrakuji (善楽寺)

30

31

Chikurinji (竹林寺)

31

32

Zenjibuji (禅師峰寺)

32

33

Sekkeiji (雪蹊寺)

33

34

Tanemaji (種間寺)

34

35

Kiyotakiji (清滝寺)

35

36

Shōryūji (青竜寺)

36

37

Iwamotoji (岩本寺)

37

38

Kongōfukuji (金剛福寺)

38

39

Enkōji (延光寺)

39

40

Kanjizaiji (観自在寺)

40

41

Ryūkōji (竜光寺)

41

42

Butsumokuji (佛木寺)

42

43

Meisekiji (明石寺)

43

44

Daihōji (大宝寺)

44

45

Iwayaji (岩屋寺)

45

46

Jōruriji (浄瑠璃寺)

46

47

Yasakaji (八坂寺)

47

48

Sairinji (西林寺)

48

49

Jōdoji (浄土寺)

49

50

Hantaji (繁多寺)

50

51

Ishiteji (石手寺)

51

52

Taizanji (太山寺)

52

53

Enmyōji (円明寺)

53

54

Enmeiji (延命寺)

54

55

Nankōbō (南光坊)

55

56

Taisanji (泰山寺)

56

57

Eifukuji (栄福寺)

57

58

Sen'yūji (仙遊寺)

58

59

Kokubunji (国分寺)

59

60

Yokomineji (横峰寺)

60

61

Kōonji (香園寺)

61

62

Hōjuji (宝寿寺)

62

63

Kichijōji (吉祥寺)

63

64

Maegamiji (前神寺)

64

65

Sankakuji (三角寺)

65

66

Unpenji (雲辺寺)

66

67

Daikōji (大興寺)

67

68

Jinnein (神恵院)

68

69

Kan'onji (観音寺)

69

70

Motoyamaji (本山寺)

70

71

Iyadaniji (弥谷寺)

71

72

Mandaraji (曼荼羅寺)

72

73

Shusshakaji (出釈迦寺)

73

74

Kōyamaji (甲山寺)

74

75

Zentsūji (善通寺)

75

76

Konzōji (金倉寺)

76

77

Dōryūji (道隆寺)

77

78

Gōshōji (郷照寺)

78

79

Tennōji (天皇寺)

79

80

Kokubunji (国分寺)

80

81

Shiromineji (白峯寺)

81

82

Negoroji (根香寺)

82

83

Ichinomiyaji (一宮寺)

83

84

Yashimaji (屋島寺)

84

85

Yakuriji (八栗寺)

85

86

Shidoji (志度寺)

86

87

Nagaoji (長尾寺)

87

88

Ōkuboji (大窪寺)

IMG_3781IMG_3781 March 1, 2018 is the start date for my Shikoku 88-Temple pilgrimage.  Ever since I learned of this "Sacred Journey" while watching PBS, I have been planning my pilgrimage to the island of Shikoku, Japan. 

My family and friends have all been encouraging of my plans.  But they all want to know why I am doing this pilgrimage.  I am not a Buddhist (at least not yet), I have never undertaken this type of adventure before (my longest trek camping was 3 days on North Manitou Island in Michigan), and I don't speak Japanese.  My best answer to their question of "why?" is that I have found some inner calling that is compeling me to go.  Similar to the calling I had 22 years ago to leave my engineering career to become a high school math teacher, this journey is beckoning me to come.  I look forward to learning more about Shingon Buddhism, meeting new friends on the path, and discovering more about myself.

In the early 1990's I made multiple trips to Japan on business.  However, it has been nearly 25 years since my last trip to Japan and this will be my first to the island of Shikoku. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pilgrims who walk the journey are referred to as Ohenro san , "お遍路さん".   While the temples are numbered 1-88,  there are no rules as to which temple to start from or in what order the temples are visited.  Each year hundreds of thousands of people visit some or all of the 88 temples.  Most of these people travel by tour bus or car.  A very small number of people attempt to complete the entire pilgrimage in one trip walking.  Doing so is known as Toshiuchi "通し打ち".  For those who walk counterclockwise it is referred to as Gyakuuchi "逆打ち".  I intend to start at Ryōzenji "霊山寺" (temple #1) and circumnavigate Shikoku by Junuchi "順打ち" (in a clockwise direction) until I reach each temple and return to Ryōzenji to complete the circle.  Once the cirle has been completed I will travel to Mt. Koya on the Kii Peninsula of the main island of Honshu to pay my respects to the founder of Shingon in Japan, the great monk Kūkai (空海).

Most pilgrims stay in hotels or other paid lodging such as Minshuku "民宿" or Ryokan "旅館".  However, for the more adventurous (me included) there are free lodgings for pilgrims known as Tsūyadō "通夜堂" provided by some temples, Zenninyado "善人宿" which are free lodgings in the home of a Shikoku resident, roadside stations called Michi no Eki "道の駅", henro goya "遍路小屋・へんろ小屋" which are rest huts built along the route for pilgrims to use, and finally tent camping.

The pilgrimage was established over 1000 years ago and is approximately 1200km (750 miles).  Ohenro's visit temples founded or restored by the revered monk and scholar Kūkai, better known by his posthumous title Kōbō Daishi (弘法大師).  Kūkai's many achievements include: creating the 47-symbol kana system of writing, bringing the tantric teachings of esoteric Buddhism from China to Japan, developing this form of Buddhism into the uniquely Japanese Shingon sect, and founding Shingon's headquarters on Mount Koya.  To this day, Kūkai remains a popular folk hero in Japan. There are some who believe that Kūkai is merely sleeping in his tomb on Mt. Koya and will rise up again someday.

There are several Japanese Buddhist sects including: Shingon, Tendai, Pure Land, Nichiren, and Zen.  In addition, many Japaneese also practice the traditional religion of Shintoism.  While Zen Buddhism may be the most recognizable sect by Westerners, the Shikoku pilgrimage is one of Shingon.  Shingon is also known in Japanese as Mikkyô, meaning "secret teaching". 

Shingon Buddhism teaches that the pure truth cannot be expressed in words but only through art.  Known for its rich ceremonies, Shingon shares many esoteric elements similar to Tibetan Buddhism.  Esoteric Buddhism is a means to realize enlightenment by experiencing oneself as an enlightened being. The experience is enabled through esoteric practices involving meditation, visualization, chanting and ritual. In Shingon, practices engage body, speech and mind to help one experience Buddha-nature.  The pilgrim's journey through the four prefectures of Shikoku (Tokushima, Kōchi, Ehime, and Kagawa) is likened to a symbolic path to enlightenment, with temples 1–23 representing the idea of awakening, 24–39 austerity and discipline, 40–65 attaining enlightenment, and 66–88 entering nirvana.  

I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.

I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.

I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.

I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.

I shoot with only Canon equipment.  My main camera is the 1DX Mark II with a 1DX and 5D Mark IV for backups.  I have a variety of lenses including: EF 400mm f/2.8L IS II USM, EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM, and EF 24-70mm f/2.8L IS II USM.  I also use a pair of Canon 600 EX-RT Speedlights, Gitzo 6X Carbon Fiber Monopod, Manfrotto tripod, Manfrotto light stand, and various other equipment.

Similar to the skills I honed in the darkroom, I have become adept at enhancing as well as modifying images digitally.  I also spend considerable time restoring old photographs. 

All of my images (except for NFL photos) are for sale in a variety of sizes.  I can custom print all images on acid free archival papers for images which will truly last a lifetime or you can order prints direct from a photo lab.

I specialize in sports photography but also shoot portraits, concerts, and other events.  I shoot many of the local high school events as well as college and professional sports.  I shoot for several clients covering various athletic events such as the Milwaukee Brewers, Wisconsin Badgers, NASCAR, Chicago Mustang, Madison Marathon, Green Bay Bellin Half Marathon, Tough Mudder, and the Milwaukee Dirty Girl Obstacle Race.

I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.

I shoot with only Canon equipment.  My main camera is the 1DX Mark II with a 1DX and 5D Mark IV for backups.  I have a variety of lenses including: EF 400mm f/2.8L IS II USM, EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM, and EF 24-70mm f/2.8L IS II USM.  I also use a pair of Canon 600 EX-RT Speedlights, Gitzo 6X Carbon Fiber Monopod, Manfrotto tripod, Manfrotto light stand, and various other equipment.

Similar to the skills I honed in the darkroom, I have become adept at enhancing as well as modifying images digitally.  I also spend considerable time restoring old photographs. 

All of my images (except for NFL photos) are for sale in a variety of sizes.  I can custom print all images on acid free archival papers for images which will truly last a lifetime or you can order prints direct from a photo lab.

e been shooting photographs since I got my first camera at age 5.  My very first image of my father in 1963 is shown below.  I spent many years shooting and processing black and white images but have now gone almost entirely digital. 

I specialize in sports photography but also shoot portraits, concerts, and other events.  I shoot many of the local high school events as well as college and professional sports.  I shoot for several clients covering various athletic events such as the Milwaukee Brewers, Wisconsin Badgers, NASCAR, Chicago Mustang, Madison Marathon, Green Bay Bellin Half Marathon, Tough Mudder, and the Milwaukee Dirty Girl Obstacle Race.

I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.

I shoot with only Canon equipment.  My main camera is the 1DX Mark II with a 1DX and 5D Mark IV for backups.  I have a variety of lenses including: EF 400mm f/2.8L IS II USM, EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM, and EF 24-70mm f/2.8L IS II USM.  I also use a pair of Canon 600 EX-RT Speedlights, Gitzo 6X Carbon Fiber Monopod, Manfrotto tripod, Manfrotto light stand, and various other equipment.

Similar to the skills I honed in the darkroom, I have become adept at enhancing as well as modifying images digitally.  I also spend considerable time restoring old photographs. 

All of my images (except for NFL photos) are for sale in a variety of sizes.  I can custom print all images on acid free archival papers for images which will truly last a lifetime or you can order prints direct from a photo lab.

I specialize in sports photography but also shoot portraits, concerts, and other events.  I shoot many of the local high school events as well as college and professional sports.  I shoot for several clients covering various athletic events such as the Milwaukee Brewers, Wisconsin Badgers, NASCAR, Chicago Mustang, Madison Marathon, Green Bay Bellin Half Marathon, Tough Mudder, and the Milwaukee Dirty Girl Obstacle Race.

I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.

I shoot with only Canon equipment.  My main camera is the 1DX Mark II with a 1DX and 5D Mark IV for backups.  I have a variety of lenses including: EF 400mm f/2.8L IS II USM, EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM, and EF 24-70mm f/2.8L IS II USM.  I also use a pair of Canon 600 EX-RT Speedlights, Gitzo 6X Carbon Fiber Monopod, Manfrotto tripod, Manfrotto light stand, and various other equipment.

Similar to the skills I honed in the darkroom, I have become adept at enhancing as well as modifying images digitally.  I also spend considerable time restoring old photographs. 

All of my images (except for NFL photos) are for sale in a variety of sizes.  I can custom print all images on acid free archival papers for images which will truly last a lifetime or you can order prints direct from a photo lab.

e been shooting photographs since I got my first camera at age 5.  My very first image of my father in 1963 is shown below.  I spent many years shooting and processing black and white images but have now gone almost entirely digital. 

I specialize in sports photography but also shoot portraits, concerts, and other events.  I shoot many of the local high school events as well as college and professional sports.  I shoot for several clients covering various athletic events such as the Milwaukee Brewers, Wisconsin Badgers, NASCAR, Chicago Mustang, Madison Marathon, Green Bay Bellin Half Marathon, Tough Mudder, and the Milwaukee Dirty Girl Obstacle Race.

I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.

I shoot with only Canon equipment.  My main camera is the 1DX Mark II with a 1DX and 5D Mark IV for backups.  I have a variety of lenses including: EF 400mm f/2.8L IS II USM, EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM, and EF 24-70mm f/2.8L IS II USM.  I also use a pair of Canon 600 EX-RT Speedlights, Gitzo 6X Carbon Fiber Monopod, Manfrotto tripod, Manfrotto light stand, and various other equipment.

Similar to the skills I honed in the darkroom, I have become adept at enhancing as well as modifying images digitally.  I also spend considerable time restoring old photographs. 

All of my images (except for NFL photos) are for sale in a variety of sizes.  I can custom print all images on acid free archival papers for images which will truly last a lifetime or you can order prints direct from a photo lab.

I specialize in sports photography but also shoot portraits, concerts, and other events.  I shoot many of the local high school events as well as college and professional sports.  I shoot for several clients covering various athletic events such as the Milwaukee Brewers, Wisconsin Badgers, NASCAR, Chicago Mustang, Madison Marathon, Green Bay Bellin Half Marathon, Tough Mudder, and the Milwaukee Dirty Girl Obstacle Race.

I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.

I shoot with only Canon equipment.  My main camera is the 1DX Mark II with a 1DX and 5D Mark IV for backups.  I have a variety of lenses including: EF 400mm f/2.8L IS II USM, EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM, and EF 24-70mm f/2.8L IS II USM.  I also use a pair of Canon 600 EX-RT Speedlights, Gitzo 6X Carbon Fiber Monopod, Manfrotto tripod, Manfrotto light stand, and various other equipment.

Similar to the skills I honed in the darkroom, I have become adept at enhancing as well as modifying images digitally.  I also spend considerable time restoring old photographs. 

All of my images (except for NFL photos) are for sale in a variety of sizes.  I can custom print all images on acid free archival papers for images which will truly last a lifetime or you can order prints direct from a photo lab.

e been shooting photographs since I got my first camera at age 5.  My very first image of my father in 1963 is shown below.  I spent many years shooting and processing black and white images but have now gone almost entirely digital. 

I specialize in sports photography but also shoot portraits, concerts, and other events.  I shoot many of the local high school events as well as college and professional sports.  I shoot for several clients covering various athletic events such as the Milwaukee Brewers, Wisconsin Badgers, NASCAR, Chicago Mustang, Madison Marathon, Green Bay Bellin Half Marathon, Tough Mudder, and the Milwaukee Dirty Girl Obstacle Race.

I have won several prizes for my images including the Grand Prize in Vail Resorts Snow to Sand Photo Contest.  At left is my Grand Prize winning photograph of the south end of Lake Tahoe.